When it comes to fabric production, the two most popular materials are single jersey and brushed fleece. These fabrics are favoured for their durability, comfort, and versatility, making them essential components of many fashion and textiles. Here we will demonstrate an understanding of the production process of single jersey and brushed fleece fabrics, including the materials used and the tools used to make them.
Single jersey fabric is known for its lightweight and breathability, and is typically composed of cotton or polyester. It is flexible enough to be used for a variety of applications, including apparel, outerwear, activewear, and stretch fabrics. Single Jersey fabrics are produced from a single layer of cotton. The cotton is knitted to produce a soft and flexible fabric. The quality of the fabric can be greatly enhanced by either carding or combing the cotton to create a smooth finish. The weight of the fabric is measured in grammage, with most Single Jersey fabrics ranging between 140-200gsm. This layer is physically durable and will not absorb wear or tear easily.
Brushed fleece fabric, on the other hand, is denser produced from a double layer of cotton, making it ideal for cold weather apparel. The layers are knitted together with various mechanical effects. The grammage of Brushed Fleece fabrics usually falls between 210-300gsm is usually composed of a blend of cotton, and polyester. Brushed fleece fabric is made through raising the fibres with a teasing process. Then, the fabric is brushed to create a soft and fuzzy feel. Brushed fleece fabrics are also popularly used in apparel, especially sweaters, hooded sweatshirts, blankets, and other warm winter wear.
Many mills also use ‘melange’ effect yarns. These are blended yarns containing cotton and polyester. This creates a distinctive two-tone effect and is often used to create the classic marl look.
As you can see, the production of single jersey and brushed fleece fabrics involve several intricate steps. Those steps are critical in ensuring the fabric’s quality and performance. With a deeper understanding of the materials and tools used to make them, fashion and textiles enthusiasts can create beautiful and functional fabrics that are sure to stand the test of time. Single Jersey and Brushed Fleece fabrics are two of the most popular fabrics in the textile industry today. They are extremely versatile, making them the perfect choice for a range of garments and everyday items.